19th century germany

Prussia remains neutral, but Bavaria and two other territories in southwest Germany come in on France's side. Their region sees the first encounter in this new phase of the war. Moving fast along the Danube, Napoleon gets between the Austrians and their approaching Russian allies.

19th century germany

Germany in the 19th Century Germany, as a country, did not exist until Before then, the area that would become Germany consisted of a number of independent states varying in size and power, ranging from kingdoms and grand duchies to principalities, cities and ecclesiastical states.

The first half of the nineteenth century, 19th century germany the American Civil War, was a very turbulent time for this area of Europe. Beforethe various German states were part of the Holy Roman Empire. Each state was under its own ruler.

Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Germany

This empire had been established beforeand the Habsburgs had held the title of Holy Roman Emperor almost continuously since the middle of the 15th century.

The Habsburgs were also the rulers of Austria. However, the 19th century germany of control exercised by the emperors had varied. Constant struggles with the papacy and the rulers of the member states, the religious wars of the 16th and 17th centuries, and the rise of Prussia as a major power had left the Habsburgs with little power over the Holy Roman Empire.

Byit was little more than a title. The number of German states had also declined throughout the centuries. There had once been hundreds of states, but through the deaths of royal lines, annexation and conquest, the number had been reduced to around by At this time, Europe was in the middle of the Napoleonic Wars.

19th century germany

With their central location, the German states frequently felt the ravages of war. Prussia and the other German states remained neutral or allied with France at the start of the century while Austria was usually at war with France.

Inafter defeating Austria, Napoleon gave land to the larger German states. This was partly to punish Austria and partly to compensate the German states for the land France took around the Rhine River.

Most of the lands given to the German states were small, sovereign German states, a number of which were cities or ecclesiastical states. They underwent secularization and mediatization and were absorbed by their neighbors.

Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Germany - EuroDocs

This drastically cut down on the number of sovereign German states. InPrussia felt threatened by France and went to war, but was soundly beaten at the Battles of Jena and Auerstedt. As punishment, Napoleon took land away from Prussia and created the Kingdom of Westphalia and gave it to his brother.

He also took away the Polish lands from Prussia and created the Duchy of Warsaw and gave it to another ally, the King of Saxony.


To win further favor with the larger German states, he elevated the titles of their rulers and gave them more land. In exchange, he created the Confederation of the Rhine, which allied the German states with France and required them to provide France with soldiers.

With the creation of the Confederation, there was no need for the Holy Roman Empire, and Napoleon forced the Habsburgs to give up that title, ending the empire that some traced back to Charlemagne. After the creation of the Confederation, almost all the German states joined, except for Prussia, Austria, and two minor states.

As members of the Confederation, the German states were exposed to the ideas of the French Revolution in varying degrees. The nobility lost some of their privileges, while new rights and freedoms, such as freedom of the press and freedom of religion, were granted.

New French ideas about government and bureaucracy were also implemented. There were attempts to create a more capitalist economy or bring about a constitution or parliamentary monarchy, but that was met with more resistance and never materialized.

This was the first time the Germans were exposed to these kinds of ideas, and they would form the basis for the reform movement in the German states for the next few decades.

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In the meantime, Prussia began adopt new ideas as well. Horrified by its quick defeat, Prussia decided to modernize.And the example inspires many with an increasingly important dream of the 19th century - that of a single German nation. Deutscher Bund and Zollverein: The congress of Vienna puts in place a revised version of the Confederation of the Rhine.

The War against Catholicism: Liberalism and the Anti-Catholic Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Germany (Social History, Popular Culture, And Politics In Germany).

Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Germany - EuroDocs

Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. (19th century; German facsimiles) Thuringia Legislative and Executive Records; Legal records from various regions, such as laws and negotiations. Search the records. (19th century - ; German facsimiles) German Colonies Visualized; Over 50, images from German colonies.

A digitization project of the library of the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft of the Stadt- und Universitäsbibliothek . 19th Century German History. The German imperial coat of arms. Revolution in Nineteenth Century Germany () 5: Rise and Fall of a New Empire () 6: Conclusion.

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