These footnotes and endnotes acknowledge the different sources used in the work. When a source is used in a research paper, a roman numeral is placed at the end of the borrowed information as superscript it is smaller than the normal line of text and raised. That number correlates with a footnote or endnote.
If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. If you are unsure about which system to use, read on.
Notes and Bibliography or Author-Date? The notes and bibliography system is preferred by many working in the humanities—including literature, history, and the arts.
In this system, sources are cited in numbered footnotes or endnotes. Each note corresponds to a raised superscript number in the text. Sources are also usually listed in a separate bibliography. The author-date system is more common in the sciences and social sciences.
Each in-text citation matches up with an entry in a reference list, where full bibliographic information is provided. Aside from the use of numbered notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style.
Follow the links at the top of this page to see examples of some of the more common source types cited in both systems. Most authors choose the system used by others in their field or required by their publisher.
Students who are unsure of which system to use will find more information here.Most styles have an official manual that can give you the most complete information. There are many great web sites that can help you with citing.
Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources.
BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Citefast is a FREE APA, MLA and Chicago citation generator. Generate references, bibliographies, in-text citations and title pages quickly and accurately. Used by students and professionals. What is the Chicago Style Citation?
Chicago citations are used by students, writers and researchers worldwide to acknowledge the use of other people’s words and ideas in their written work, thereby lending credibility to their statements and conclusions without committing plagiarism.
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a style guide for writing and formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and is published by the University of Chicago Press..
The work is often referred to as "Turabian" (after the work's original author, Kate L. Turabian) or by the shortened title, A Manual for Writers.