Cultural Imperialism or Rescue? The collection of the Imperial Hotel, Janpath, New Delhi, reproduced by kind permission of the hotel. Click on all the images here for larger pictures. The self-immolation of recently bereaved wives on their husbands' funeral pyres confronted the British in India with central questions about the obligations of the colonizer to the colonized, respect for other cultures, and questions of gender that had important implications for British women.
Whenever books are burned men also in the end are burned. Heinrich HeineAlmansor All religious traditions had been tolerated under the Roman Empire, although Christians suffered to some extent because of their sedition.
They stated openly that they desired the destruction of the Empire, encouraged soldiers to desert, aparantly assassinated oponents, vandalised sacred monuments and statues, and tried to destroy the city of Rome by means of arson.
Christians tried repeatedly to destroy the city of Greek colonisation essay As soon as the Empire became Christian, this toleration ceased. The only writings to be permitted were those supported by the line currently regarded as orthodox. By Constantine had authorised the confiscation and destruction of anything that challenged orthodoxy i.
This included non-Christian places of worship as well as works by pagan authors and by all other Christian factions. Soon afterwards Constantine's mother Helena and Macarius, the Bishop of Jerusalem, were supervising the destruction of a temple in Jerusalem dedicated to Aphrodite, and building a Christian basilica on the site.
This basilica, now the Greek colonisation essay of the Holy Sepulchre, was imagined to be the very burial site of Jesus and to encompass the place of crucifixion.
Evidence was conveniently discovered in the form of a tomb and miracle working splinters of the True Cross. Countless thousands of architectural treasures from classical times were soon being vandalised in the same way and turned into Churches. Christians were keen to emulate selected Jewish practices.
Josiah enforced the exclusive worship of Yahweh 2 Kings According to the biblical account, he destroyed pagan objects related to the worship of Baal or Asherah. He had pagan priests executed and had the bones of the dead priests of Bethel exhumed and burned on their own altars.
According to 2 Chronicles, Josiah destroyed altars and images of pagan deities in cities of neighbouring tribes of Manasseh, Ephraim, "and Simeon, as far as Naphtali" 2 Chronicles Christian power grew, and Christians were soon denying freedom of religion to everyone except followers of the Christian faction currently in favour.
In the year that the Emperor Constantine inaugurated his new capital at Byzantium, ADhe prohibited the performance of rites of other faiths there. InChristian censorship, pillaging, dispossession and judicial killing started in earnest.
Not only were works of Arius, but also people who owned such works, to be consigned to the flames. Gold and treasure were removed from Eastern temples. Under Constantine's Christian sons, the trend developed further.
More temples were destroyed, and sacrifices were forbidden. Marriages between Christians and Jews were declared illegal, and the crime was punishable by death.
Constantius II passed laws against pagans inand in the following years further laws were passed to the effect that all superstition i. Soon, anyone performing traditional sacrifices would be liable to the death penalty.
In town and country, temples were demolished or seized and turned into churches. Bands of violent monks were deployed to ensure the domination of the orthodox line. They were sometimes commanded by bishops.
As a modern, devout Christian, historian says: The monks were often formed, or formed themselves, into black-robed squads for the execution of the Church's business, first to smash up pagan temples, later to rampage through the streets in time of doctrinal controversy.
This was not necessarily the case in the ancient Greek world and, therefore, in this sense, Greek colonization was a very different process from, for example, the policies of certain European powers in the 19th and 20th centuries CE. It is perhaps here then, a process better described as 'culture contact' (De Angelis in Boyes-Stones et al, 51). This free History essay on Essay: Colonisation and trade for the Archaic Greeks is perfect for History students to use as an example. Greek Colonisation Essay by JakeThaSnake, University, Master's, A-, May download word file, 7 pages download word file, 7 pages 2 votes 1 reviews4/5(1).
Monasticism attracted misfits, bankrupts, criminals, homosexuals, fugitives as well as the pious; it was also a career for raw peasant youths who could be drilled into well-disciplined monkish regiments to be deployed as an unscrupulous bishop might think fit 1.
Other recruits included draft-dodgers, runaway slaves and lunatics. Cultured pagans were appalled by their vandalism.
The pattern continued until Julian was declared emperor in Julian, known as Julian the Apostate, rejected Christianity in favour of traditional religions. He reopened and repaired pagan temples and restored the tradition of universal toleration. He restored Jerusalem to the Jews, revoked anti-Semitic legislation and authorised the rebuilding of the Jewish Temple.
His toleration was not appreciated by Christians, who insulted and destroyed new temples in Syria and Asia Minor. The rebuilding of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem was set back by a mysterious fire, possibly one of the many instances of arson carried out by Christians. There is more than a suspicion that Julian's untimely death was attributable to disloyal Christians.
Certainly, many Christians did not trouble to disguise their glee at his demise, and attributed it to Christian agency."Battle of Marathon" This essay talks about the great Battle of Marathon during the Persian Wars in ancient Greece BCE war between the Greek city-states and The Persian Empire.
History is the study of the past, particularly people and events of the past. History is a pursuit common to all human societies. Human beings have always been interested in the past, for many reasons.
History can be a tremendous story, a rolling narrative filled with great personalities and tales. The famous Temple of Apollo at Patara was destroyed, possibly by St Nicholas, a bishop now better known as Santa Claus.
Certainly he, like many other bishops, was a keen destroyer of other people's holy places in the area. A project that Allison and his colleagues ran at Harvard examined multiple cases “in which a major nation’s rise has disrupted the position of a dominant state”, concluding that “the.
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