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Mesopotamia Ancient Sumerian bas-relief portrait depicting the poetess Enheduanna Women in ancient Sumer could buy, own, sell, and inherit property. Women in ancient Egypt In ancient Egypt women enjoyed the same rights under the law as a men, however rightful entitlements depended upon social class.
Landed property descended in the female line from mother to daughter, and women were entitled to administer their own property. Women in ancient Egypt could buy, sell, be a partner in legal contractsbe executor in wills and witness to legal documents, bring court action, and adopt children.
Women in India Women during the early Vedic period  enjoyed equal status with men in all aspects of life. Women in Greece Respectable Athenian women were expected to involve themselves in domestic tasks such as washing clothes left ; in reality, many worked right.
Although most women lacked political and equal rights in the city states of ancient Greece, they enjoyed a certain freedom of movement until the Archaic age.
Until marriage, women were under the guardianship of their father or other male relative. Once married, the husband became a woman's kyrios.
As women were barred from conducting legal proceedings, the kyrios would do so on their behalf. Slaves could become Athenian citizens after being freed, but no woman ever acquired citizenship in ancient Athens.
This separation would entail living in a room called a gynaikeionwhile looking after the duties in the home and having very little exposure with the male world. This was also to ensure that wives only had legitimate children from their husbands.
Athenian women received little education, except home tutorship for basic skills such as spin, weave, cook and some knowledge of money. As men engaged in military activity, women took responsibility for running estates. He argued that women's main economic activity is that of safeguarding the household property created by men.
According to Aristotle the labour of women added no value because "the art of household management is not identical with the art of getting wealth, for the one uses the material which the other provides".
They also saw marriage as a moral companionship between equals rather than a biological or social necessity, and practiced these views in their lives as well as their teachings.
The Stoics adopted the views of the Cynics and added them to their own theories of human nature, thus putting their sexual egalitarianism on a strong philosophical basis. Women in ancient Rome Roman law, similar to Athenian law, was created by men in favor of men.
Roman societyhowever, was patriarchaland women could not vote, hold public officeor serve in the military.
During the Roman Republicthe mother of the Gracchus brothers and of Julius Caesar were noted as exemplary women who advanced the career of their sons.
During the Imperial periodwomen of the emperor's family could acquire considerable political power, and were regularly depicted in official art and on coinage. By 27—14 BCE the ius trium liberorum "legal right of three children" granted symbolic honors and legal privileges to a woman who had given birth to three children, and freed her from any male guardianship.
She then became subject to her husband's potestas, though to a lesser degree than their children. This arrangement was one of the factors in the independence Roman women enjoyed. A married woman retained ownership of any property she brought into the marriage.
The rape of a slave could be prosecuted only as damage to her owner's property. Adulterywhich had been a private family matter under the Republic, was criminalized,  and defined broadly as an illicit sex act stuprum that occurred between a male citizen and a married woman, or between a married woman and any man other than her husband.
Therefore, a married woman could have sex only with her husband, but a married man did not commit adultery when he had sex with a prostituteslaveor person of marginalized status infamis.Latest breaking news, including politics, crime and celebrity. Find stories, updates and expert opinion.
hora May 18, at Tigger, I think there is indeed a strain within trans sctivism (and, more generally, gay male culture as epitomized by drag) that truly does hate women so much that they feel driven to re-make what womanhood IS.
Spaces and Silence in Women’s Language Spaces of silence in women’s language Silence can mean many things because it is so ambiguous.
It can replace speech to . Editorial Reviews "Renewal is not for slackers; renewal is a way to increase your capacity, to be more effective." Arianna Huffington's Third Metric conference is teaching women, but not just women that success doesn't just mean money.
Dec 22, · Women-Only Spaces Aren’t Necessarily Safe Spaces. the line between the two tends to be blurred in anti-trans language. Either way, this argument is based on the idea, unstated but assumed.
Nov 12, · Students at Claremont McKenna College in California who are demanding a racially segregated "safe space" for "marginalized identities," silenced and embarrassed an Asian woman when she described.